The United States adds to the tune of approximately one million new diabetic patients a year. Diabetes also accounts for a large number of deaths. Diabetes can be controlled by controlling your calorie intake and using specific medications. Therefore, it is necessary for a diabetic to follow a diabetic diet to keep diabetes under control. Such a diet not only helps in controlling blood sugar levels but also in losing weight, which is an important step in reducing the risk factors for complications presented by this disease. The diabetic diet is important for keeping glucose levels in check by maintaining a balance of carbohydrates, fats, and protein eaten at each meal.
Type 2 diabetes is fast becoming an epidemic given the fact that obesity is affecting nearly every region of the world. Efforts and ability to control blood glucose levels along with weight loss is vitally important for anyone who is diagnosed with this disease. Diets and medication play an important role in the control of diabetes.
Choice of healthy food is one of the most important parts of the diet for the diabetic. While some people can control their diabetes with diet and exercise, persons at higher risk may also need to make diet choices in conformity with the medications being taken. A dietitian can help formulate a diet plan based on health goals, tastes and lifestyle.
Various factors affect the control of diabetes. A large number of such factors are under the control of the patient, including quantity and time food is eaten, how frequently the blood glucose is monitored, physical activity levels, and accuracy and consistency of medication. Minor changes in these factors affect blood glucose control.
A consistent eating habit and taking medications as prescribed can vastly improve blood glucose management and decrease the risk of diabetes-related complications and help in weight control. The diet must include healthy carbohydrates, fiber-rich foods, limited saturated, trans fats, and solid fats. No meal should be skipped, especially by individuals who are insulin dependent. Skipping meals carries the risk of upsetting the delicate balance of insulin and food consumption.
A diabetic diet because of its very nature helps to lose the weight. The weight loss occurs as the diet is low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sugars while rich in leafy green vegetables and fruits. The diet has foods that are low in sugar and starch content and high on fiber. Proteins from lean meat sources, eggs, and fish particularly those that are high in omega 3 fatty acids are a part of such diets.
When buying diabetic food, it is especially important to read the labels since most food labels show daily values based on a 2,000 calorie diet. This is not suitable for all as the calorific requirements may vary form person to person. Therefore each diabetic must have a diet that is specially designed for him or her.
However, all diabetic diets recommend limiting fat, and simple sugar intake. Having a diet rich in fiber, whole grains, vegetables, fresh fruits, and limited amount of protein is recommended. The goal for every diabetic should be to have at least five servings of fruit and vegetables, six daily servings of whole grain foods and two servings a week of fatty fish.