Glucose is the main resource of power for the body. When you eat food containing more carbohydrates it gets transformed into sugar and passes through the bloodstream. The cells utilizes this glucose to function of different body actions. The quantity of glucose in the blood is controlled by the hormone called as insulin. Insulin ensures that normal blood glucose level is maintained which is beneficial for the body. Level of anything if increases or decreases can be a cause for complex health issues or some diseases.
Normal blood glucose levels
To be able to keep glucose levels under control you need to know what the normal blood glucose level is. In the morning usually glucose levels are at lowest point before your first food intake. They go up only after your any food intake. However, they must be in the insignificant range of 80mg/dL to 150mg/dL (i.e. 3.9 to 8.3mmol/L). The level may temporarily go up to 150mg/dL after meals.
If your constant blood glucose level is less than 70mg/dL then it is a sign of low blood sugar or hypoglycemia. There is indication for you of hyperglycemia or high blood sugar or diabetes if the levels go beyond 150. You should consult the doctors to verify the results as high blood glucose does not always mean diabetes. Excess level or very low levels of blood glucose can have harmful effects on your body. An excess level may cause nerve damage, kidney damage and very low blood glucose levels may harm mental functions and loss of realization.
Blood glucose test and their normal ranges
To understand whether your blood glucose levels are within the range, you can undergo some tests that would give you the actual measures.
The fasting blood glucose test is taken 8 hours after fasting. The normal blood glucose level for this test is advised at 110mg/dL or 6.1mmol/L. There is no doubt that you may have diabetes if it is more than 126mg/dL after two consecutive blood tests.
After two hours you take any food this postprandial test is conducted. The normal level should be less than 120mg/dL or 6.6mmol/L The level often comes below to under 100mg/dL or 5.The test shows 5 among non diabetics after two hours.
At any time the random blood glucose test as the name suggest can be conducted. The normal range must not be higher than 200 mg/do or 11.1mmol/L1mmol/L.
The oral test that helps measure your body’s response to sugar is oral glucose tolerance test. It involves measuring your fasting blood sugar first and then drinking a sugary solution. Again the glucose level is measured after two hours. The level for this test also must be below 140mg/dL or 7.8mmol/L.
The glycated hemoglobin (A1C) is a useful test to measure your control on diabetes over a certain time. It replicates your average blood sugar for the last three to five weeks. Sugar coated hemoglobin’s percentage is given by it. Among diabetics the level is lower than 7 percent and the normal levels are 4 to 6 percent. During pregnancy the level must be lower than 6 percent.
Blood glucose levels in children also may be high or low. Parents need to be conscious of the normal blood glucose levels for their children so that they do not suffer from the ailing effects of high or low blood glucose levels. It is compulsory for diabetics as well as normal people to maintain their blood glucose levels in the normal range for living a healthy life.
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