Gestational diabetes is a medical ailment where patient go through high blood sugar at the time of pregnancy. Diabetic diet for gestational diabetesis an effective way to control high blood sugar as your body gets the sugar through what you eat. Glucose is a simple sugar which is formed when much of the food and drink that we take is broken down in the digestive system. Glucose is very crucial as it is the main source of energy that body require in order to perform all physical tasks. Glucose is used by the body to generate energy with the assistance of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. It is insulin that enables glucose to enter the cells in your body which is used to produce energy and continues to persist in your blood. This affect your blood sugar to rise. Sugar level in the blood becomes very high when body is not able to produce enough insulin or is not able to use the insulin produced. This ailment is considered as diabetes.
Gestational diabetes results due to hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy. At this period of time certain hormones that are created in the placents limit the insulin from regulating the glucose level in the body creating a disorder that is know as insulin resistance. The placenta is the organ which connects the baby to the uterus by the umbilical chord which permits nutrients to pass from the mother to the baby. As time progresses the placenta develops to a larger form and produces higher levels of hormones which results in the increase of insulin resistance.
In this period of time there is approx three times the normal amount of insulin produced naturally by the mother’s pancreas in order to overcome insulin resistance. When sufficient amount of insulin is not produced for overcoming the effect created by increased hormone levels it results in high blood glucose and gestational diabetes.
High levels of blood glucose during pregnancy need to be treated promptly. Otherwise it can initiate problems both for the child and the mother as well. Although gestational diabetes does not cause the baby to have diabetes but if not treated in time the baby may produce more insulin and gain more weight. This may be the cause of premature birth.
The prominent feature of gestational diabetes is blood glucose levels reaches to normal levels after delivery. However, women who suffer from gestational diabetes run a greater risk of developing diabetes mellitus type II at a later stage.
Diabetic diet has a important role in checking high blood sugar levels in a pregnant woman. Carbohydrates in foods with high starch content and sugar plays a crucial role when considering glucose levels. It is therefore very important to ensure that you eat equal amount of carbohydrates at the same time everyday and see that your menu also includes proteins for every meal and some unsaturated fats as well.
It is suggested to eat small meals and snacks evenly spread whole day with the same quantity of carbohydrate taking care to refrain from deep fried or extremely fatty food. Ideally you should eat food that has high fiber content like pasta, whole grain bread, cereals, rice, vegetables and fruits. Gestational diabetes should be treated seriously and precautions should be made in taking diets at the time of pregnancy to prevent high blood sugar levels.
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