Gestational diabetes is a situation where your blood glucose level gets high during pregnancy even though you were non-diabetic before pregnancy. It is because of change in hormone levels during pregnancy. Due to the change of hormones in woman’s body they cannot use insulin properly which leads to high blood sugar levels.
During the time of pregnancy, oral treatments cannot be given, hence doctor recommends insulin and diet. Gestational diabetes can be controlled with proper diet. While planning gestational calorie diet you have to take care about nutritional needs of the mother’s body as well as nutritional requirements for the baby’s growth. Instead of taking large meals have several small meals in a day; this helps stabilizing your blood sugar levels within the normal range.
Calorie intake for gestational diabetic women depends on body weight, height, maternal age and physical activity. 1000, 1400, 1600 and 1800 calorie diabetic diets are popular calorie diabetic diets. These amounts are too low for the pregnant women as they need more calories at this time. 2200-2400 calorie level is acceptable for gestational diabetes.
For 2200 calorie diet the sample menu is:
Your breakfast should have 42 grams of carbohydrates. For two servings of starches take one cup of bran cereal or one cup cooked oatmeal. You can take a cup of skim milk or non-fat yogurt, one ounce meat and two teaspoon margarine.
You can take one fruit and two tablespoons peanut butter for including in morning meal as it contains 15 grams of carbohydrates.
Include 67 grams of carbohydrates in lunch. Include a vegetable sandwich of vegetables like lettuce and tomato with one tablespoon of salad dressing or one teaspoon of mayonnaise. Include 1 ¼ cup fresh strawberries, ½ cup vegetable soup and one cup sugar and fat free yogurt in your meal. 12 ounces of sugar free soft drink is allowed because it is free food less in calories.
Take 15 grams of carbohydrates in your afternoon meal.
Take a dinner of 82 grams of carbohydrates. You can have one cup cooked pasta, one cup melon cubes, one small dinner roll, one cup skim milk or yogurt and two cups salad included in this. Also include three ounces of meat, grilled chicken or fish and one teaspoon margarine and two tablespoons low fat salad in your diet.
For evening snack take 27 grams of carbohydrates which you can get from six whole wheat crackers, one ounce low fat cheese or ham and one cup of non-fat milk or yogurt.
Taking much fluids throughout the day is recommended. If you are taking fruit and vegetable juice drink it with a small meal or snack. Gestational diabetic women should drink water and is best for them because it contains no sugar.
It is mandatory to monitor glucose level whole day. Reduce the amount of carbohydrates from your meal and adjust the glucose level if finding that the sugar level going up at any time. Those women who take insulin, should adjust their carbohydrate intake with the insulin dose. In gestational diabetes cases it is advised to take extra care about diets as it can affect your baby’s health.
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