When you are suffering from diabetes you have high concentration of blood glucose in your blood. There are different reasons like high carbohydrate intake, ineffective insulin, stress etc which may cause your glucose levels to rise. If left untreated it may lead to complications. It is necessary to be aware of the normal blood glucose which can help you to take appropriate diet and medication to prevent future complications. Normal blood glucose levels amongst diabetics and non-diabetics may vary to some extent, but staying within that normal range is necessary. The doctors would advice you on diet, medication, insulin, exercises considering your overall health conditions and the state of your diabetes. The efforts would be to keep it within a normal range as far as possible.
Normal blood glucose
80mg/dL is the normal blood glucose accepted by all before meals and less than 160mg/dL or 8.8mmol/L about 1 to 2 hours after meals. This is if blood sample is taken from veins i.e. a whole-blood sample. When the sample is taken from the fingertips, also called as plasma blood sample, the normal range should be between 70mg/dL to 130mg/dL or 7.2mmol/L before meals and less than 180mg/dL or 10mmol/L when taken 1 to 2 hours after meals.
You also need to be aware of the glycated hemoglobin or A1C (HbA1c) target range. It is the measure of percentage of glucose found stuck to hemoglobin. It is an indicator of how well you have been able to control diabetes. For adults the normal range is 7%. For children up to 6 years of age it is recommended to be 7.5% to 8.5%. For children aged from 6 years to 12 years the level preferable is 8%. Among the teens, ages 13 to 19 years it should be less than 7.5%. Low A1C levels indicate you have been able to control glucose levels with your diet, exercise and medication. The preferred range during pregnancy is generally at 70mg/dL to 100mg/dL before meals using a whole blood sample and 80mg/dL to 110mg/dL using a plasma blood sample. It should be less than 140mg/dL two hours after meals using a whole blood sample and 155mg/dL using a plasma blood sample. These figures quoted are as recommended by ADA.
Dietary Pattern and Exercises to maintain normal blood glucose
To maintain normal blood glucose you need to ensure healthy eating style. If glucose levels are higher ensure that you include a balanced diet with lesser carbohydrates and sweet foods. Fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain breads are useful. Very important is to reduce carbonated sodas which have high glucose content. Physical exercises are of great help to control glucose levels. Brisk walking, swimming or any sport that you like helps utilization of sugar. Learn time management so that you are not stressed out which often leads to shooting up of glucose levels in blood.
Ensure that you visit your doctor and seek advice on the normal blood glucose levels. Maintaining normal glucose helps prolong the onset of complications associated with diabetes, hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia. It is a combination of diet, exercise and medication that can help you to be within a normal range and have a healthier life.
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