Effective control of diabetes is largely dependent on proper diet. A healthy diet for diabetic patients plays a crucial part in preventing, controlling, and healing diabetes. Along with management of high glucose levels a healthy diet also helps in maintaining blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Dietary indiscretions can cause blood glucose to rise to unhealthy and unacceptable levels. Therefore, it is necessary to make good food choices as good and healthy diets for diabetes helps lose weight and also lowers the risk of heart disease.
Diet, used alone or in combination with medication prescribed, is crucial to the treatment of diabetes. The diet plan for an individual varies according to height, weight, age, sex, physical activity and nature of diabetes. In the case of insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, the energy intake is based on the need for normal growth and development, physical activity and maintenance of desirable body weight. However, in the case of non insulin dependant diabetes mellitus, the majority of patients are overweight or obese, restriction of calories is necessary to achieve the desired body weight. While patients with Type 1 diabetes are advised a diet of approximately or 16 calories per pound of body weight per day, patients with Type 2 diabetes generally are advised a 1500-1800 calorie daily diet to promote weight loss and maintain ideal body weight.
Requirement of calories in obese individuals may vary initially until their weight reaches an acceptable level in order to prevent any harm to the body. Males, as compared to females, have more muscle mass in general and therefore may require more calories since muscles burn more calories per hour than fat. Also, people with lower physical activity require reduced daily calorie intake.
Most people with diabetes would benefit from seeking an advice from a dietician or nutritionist to ascertain the calorific requirement of their body. There are foods that one could eat without counting. Such foods or drinks would contain less than 20 calories equivalent to 5 grams or less of carbohydrate per serving. Such free foods should be spread throughout the day for best results.
A well formulated diet with an appropriate balance of quality carbohydrates, proteins, and healthy fats having all the nutrients which is not over processed or over cooked is required to be taken by a diabetic. Drinking plenty of water, regular exercising, and consuming small portions of food at short intervals is essential for the body to keep the sugar level in check.
A proper diet is one of the remedies for controlling diabetes effectively. Diabetics therefore need to take care of their diet and also about the food they eat. It must be ensured that their diet contains not only carbohydrates, but also has some energy value. Carbohydrates in the food get converted to glucose in the body. This glucose impacts the blood sugar levels, and thus has to be taken care of. Diet need not include bland food only but include more permissible fruits, vegetables and whole grains. The diabetic patients must select foods that are high in nutrition and low in calories.
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