Effective and proper management of diabetes is a result of a proper diet. Such a diet plan provides a balanced diet with plenty of fiber but restricted low sugar foods. This also assists in loss of weight, improving blood sugar levels and decreasing risks of diseases generally associated with diabetes like heart strokes, diseases of kidneys, blood pressure etc.
There are two type of diabetes that generally affects people, Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes generally affects children in adolescence, and Type 2 diabetes which is more common form of diabetes usually affecting persons over the age of 40. Improper management of diabetes results in frequent urination, fatigue, thirst and possibly blurred vision in the short run. However, the effects of the disease in the longer run poses risks for heart diseases, problems of the kidneys, visual and other disorders.
Diet is a powerful medium to preventing and reversing diabetes. The past approach to diabetes management was limited on restricting refined sugars, and other foods that release sugars into the blood stream during digestion like starches, fruits etc. With a reduction in carbohydrates in the diet, the diet may include excess quantities of fats and proteins. Therefore, patients of kidney diseases must limit fat intake, especially saturated fats, and limit protein consumption. The higher the fat amounts in the diet, the longer the time insulin requires in getting glucose into the blood stream.
Physical activity in form of exercise plays a vital role in management of diabetes. Exercising daily and regularly assists in reducing the administration of insulin injections or oral medications especially in persons affected with type 2 diabetes. Such persons can reduce (and even eliminate) medications when they reduce weight.
A low fat diet is an excellent means to prevent heart attack, stroke, and diabetes. However, mere elimination or reduction of all fat will not provide heart friendly health benefits. A diabetic diet plan should not be taken as a punishment and must not be a rigid and restrictive menu. It is instead, management of diabetes and lifestyle that balances moderation and healthy nutritional food choices.
Knowledge about calculation of quantities of carbohydrate and other important food factors like fiber intake etc is necessary for proper control of blood glucose levels.
People with diabetes must closely monitor their dietary intake, quantities consumed, and frequency of eating. Carbohydrate consumption during diabetes need not be given up. Infact foods high in dietary carbohydrates like sugar, starchy foods like potatoes, whole grain foods like breads and cereals dairy products and fruits and vegetables are recommended to be consumed as these foods contain nutrients that are vital for good health. However, sizes of these foods should be watched and controlled and regular exercises must be done to counterbalance their effects. Reduction and control of weight, giving up smoking and avoiding alcohol is beneficial for diabetics.
Diabetics would do well to use alternative methods to frying, such as steaming, grilling or roasting. Using low fat dairy products such as skimmed milk, low fat cheese, lean meat, poultry, fish two to three times a week and reduced consumption of ice cream, potato chips, nuts and processed foods also help a great deal.