Amongst the most prevalent diseases in the world today, Type-2 diabetes ranks very high. It is perhaps the most common form of diabetes which has affected millions of people across the world especially America. In this condition the human body can either not produce enough insulin or the insulin produced can not convert blood glucose to energy. Type 2 diabetes usually affects adults who are above the age 40 yrs and are over weight. However, the disease has afflicted younger adults more often in recent years because of the ever increasing obesity, which is amongst one of the biggest risk factors causing diabetes. For most people, however, diabetes is largely an avoidable condition.
Type-2 diabetes increases risks for lot many serious diseases like cardiovascular diseases, blindness, nerve damage, and damages to the kidneys. It is therefore essential to be educated about these diseases and learn to cope with them.
There are various symptoms of type 2 diabetes. Increased thirst, increased frequency of hunger, dryness in the mouth, Nausea and occasionally vomiting, frequent urination, constant feeling of fatigue, blurred vision etc are some of the common symptoms.
Prevention is always better than cure. A healthy diet helps not only in reducing chances of developing cardiovascular disease, but also protecting the heart from further complications.
Healthy diet helps keep body weight, cholesterol and blood pressure under control and prevents fatty deposits accumulating in the arteries. This helps in lowering the risks of coronary heart diseases. The diabetic must therefore include plenty of fruits, vegetables and wholegrain foods containing starch, like bread and rice, and decrease the quantities of saturated fats, salts and sugar in the diet. At least five portions of fruit and vegetables must be consumed every day. Fruits and vegetables can be consumed preferably fresh, but can also be eaten if frozen, dried, tinned, cooked or raw.
Eating large quantities of saturated fat may have a bad effect on the cholesterol, which increases risk of coronary heart diseases. Reducing the total amount of saturated fats in the diet, and replacing it with monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats is recommended.
Diet experts also recommend consuming at least two portions of fish per week, of which one portion must be an oily fish like mackerel or salmon. Such minor inclusions in the diet could vastly improve chances of survival incase of a heart attack.
Another important precaution a diabetic must take is to reduce intake of salt. This will help maintaining a lower blood pressure, which in turn reduces the risk of heart diseases.
Consuming large amounts of alcohol too leads to increase in blood pressure and increase in weight as alcohol means empty calories. If the diabetic follows no exercise routine the chances of weight gain and damage to the heart muscles increases.
Over half of adult American population is already overweight or obese. The numbers are increasing steadily due to increased intake of fatty foods, sweet foods and sugary drinks. Being over weight, especially around the waist region adversely affects health and increases risk of heart disease and diabetes. It also causes a lot of other problems like insomnia, back pain and joint problems.
Thus, maintaining a healthy weight or near target weight helps lower blood pressure and reduce the pressures on the heart. It also helps lowering cholesterol levels and thus reducing the risk of diabetes. Making small, but healthy changes to the diet and by being physically active helps immensely in avoiding dreadful diseases like diabetes.
Eating a balanced and healthy diet does not mean buying fancy or expensive foods. Nor does it mean switching to unhealthy foods with little or no nutritional value.