Nearly two thirds of the adult population of USA is overweight or obese Therefore for people who have Type 2 diabetes a diabetes management plan is necessary to reduce the harmful effects of diabetes by making lifestyle changes.
A diabetic needs to learn about different food types to make healthy choices in meal planning. Changes in eating habits, exercises, and outlook towards dietary habits and weight watching are essential to weight management and maintenance. Consulting a dietician to chalk out a suitable diet plan factoring tastes, lifestyle and setting achievable goals is advisable for a diabetic.
Diet and exercises is the mainstay for preventing type two diabetes. There are a variety of diets available for treatment of type2 diabetes. Depending upon the stage of diabetes Type 2 diabetics could be prescribed either medication or insulin or both. These help the body process the sugars in the blood, to break them down. However, insulin and medication cannot be substitutes for a healthy diet. Taking medication or insulin does not give a patient authorization to consume sugar and carbohydrates. It is vital that a person with diabetes take medication or insulin regularly, as also adheres to a diabetic diet. It is critical for diabetics to understand the principles of counting calories and methods to help control blood sugar levels through a proper diet. It is necessary to have fats, proteins and carbohydrates in your diet for good nutrition.
Different types of foods making up the meal will determine the overall effect of a meal on the blood glucose level. The greatest effects on blood glucose levels is from foods containing carbohydrate as these are mostly converted to glucose, which is absorbed from the intestine straight into the bloodstream. However, diet containing proteins and fats affect blood glucose levels too. Eating large portions of fatty foods can raise blood fat levels as these foods are high in calories.
Possibly the most significant contribution of fat on blood glucose levels post meal is to slow down the rise in blood glucose. Fat delays the rate at which the stomach empties slowing down the absorption of glucose from digested carbohydrate foods. A diet high in fats is not necessarily a healthy diet. However, the lipid profile is likely to be improved due to the consumption of monounsaturated fats.
Excess proteins in the diet are converted to glucose by the liver. Increase in blood glucose levels several hours after eating can occur after eating a diet containing large quantities of proteins.
A regular exercise program is thus vital for maintenance of weight loss. Individuals must start moderate activity for 30-45 minutes, 3 — 5 days/week. Learn about different food types and eat healthy nutritious diet, and being aware of what you consume and how it is likely to affect blood glucose level will help a great deal. Whenever possible assess the carbohydrate, fat and protein content of foods using food labels. Reduce saturated fats, alcohol, salt and increase levels of physical activity. This will prove beneficial for diabetics in the long run. Have a low calorie diet — with a deficit of 500 to 1000 calories/day.