Type 1 diabetes mellitus was once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. It is a continuous condition wherein the pancreas creates little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone required to alter sugar (glucose) into energy. Type 1diabetes mellitus can advance at any age; however it normally emerges during childhood or adolescence. There are various factors responsible for type 1diabetes. These include exposure to certain viruses and genetics. There is no cure for type 1 diabetes mellitus, in spite of active research being conducted all over the world. The daily routine of controlling type 1 diabetes has been made simple by the advances in blood sugar checking systems and insulin delivery mechanism. People who have type 1 diabetes mellitus can look forward to live long and healthy lives with proper treatment.
At first type 1 diabetes mellitus symptoms can look innocuous. They include: Frequent urination and increased thirst. The fluid is pulled from your tissues as excess sugar assembles in your bloodstream. This makes you thirsty, as a result you drink and urinate more than usual; Extreme hunger: Your muscles and organs become tired due to lack of energy, as there is not enough insulin to transfer sugar into your cells. This ignites severe hunger that refuses to go away even after you eat. Your energy-starved tissues do not receive the sugar from your food without insulin; Fatigue: You turn tired and ill-tempered if your cells are deprived of sugar; Blurred vision: The fluid can be pulled from your tissues if your blood sugar level is too high – including the lenses of your eyes. Your ability to focus clearly gets affected.
To understand type 1 diabetes mellitus you have to be familiar with how glucose is normally treated in the body. The main source of energy for the cells is glucose. They form the framework of your muscles and other tissues. Glucose is generated from the food you eat and the liver. Sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream during digestion. With the help of insulin the sugar then goes into cells. Insulin a hormone comes from the pancreas. Your pancreas secretes insulin into your bloodstream when you eat. The amount of sugar in your bloodstream is lowered by insulin. The secretion of insulin from your pancreas drops just as your blood sugar level drops. Glucose storage and manufacturing is the function of your liver. The stored glucose is released by your liver in order to maintain your glucose level within a normal range. This will occur when your insulin levels are low, for example you have not eaten in a while.
In type 1 diabetes mellitus the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are hit and damaged by your immune system. Its normal function of it is to naturally fight harmful bacteria or viruses. As the immune system destroys the cells producing insulin there is little or no insulin left in the blood, as a result sugar accumulates in your bloodstream.
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is still unknown. Genetics play a role. Exposure to certain viruses may act as a trigger as well. You will have to commence insulin therapy, if you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus. In case you have high blood pressure or kidney disease, or if you are pregnant and your diabetes is not well controlled then a methodical yearly exam and regular foot and eye exams are also required.
Above all, you will have to stay positive. In order to enjoy a healthy and active life with type 1 diabetes mellitus you will be helped if you adopt good habits like eating balanced meals and exercising daily.