Some Basic Facts About Two Common Forms Of Diabetes Mellitus

The starting point when looking at diabetes is to understand that it is a chronic disease that is characterized by a distortion to the metabolism and increased levels of blood sugar that result in reduced insulin levels. The symptoms of diabetes can mask themselves to look like many other disorders and the condition can therefore go undetected for years. Screening for this particular condition is important as early diagnosis and treatment can greatly improve the quality of life for those who have this disease.

There are 2 major forms of diabetes which those individuals who are unfamiliar with the disease normally find it hard to separate and these are type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is caused by the destruction of cells within the pancreas which occurs because of an auto-immune attack. It is not preventable and accounts for about 10 percent of the cases of diabetes (or more accurately diabetes mellitus) in North America and Europe. Type 1 diabetes is seen in children and adults and is sometimes referred to as juvenile diabetes. 

It is possible to treat type 1 diabetes very successfully by closely monitoring levels of blood glucose and adjusting the body’s insulin level. Both forms of diabetes can require the enhancement of the body’s insulin level and diabetic coma or death can follow if the body’s insulin level falls too quickly.

Apart from the administration of insulin, type 1 diabetes is best managed by a program of exercise and diet. People with this disease have to be aware of their glucose level and be sure that insulin is replaced by injection or use of an insulin pump.

Type 2 diabetes is different from the type 1 form of this disease because it occurs as a result of insulin resistance or insulin sensitivity¬† together with the body’s reduced insulin production. Type 2 diabetes is common in people who are very overweight, are advanced in age, have a family history of this condition and who take little or no exercise.

Type 1 diabetics have to take medication because their bodies can no longer create insulin. Type 2 diabetics however have various different options in terms of controlling their condition. Exercise and diet might be sufficient to control type 2 diabetes although insulin and oral medication could also be included in treatment. 

There are various treatment plans available but the most important element of the equation is the patient. This is a chronic disease but this does not mean that it has to be a lost cause and there are plenty of ways to keep your body in good health when you are a diabetic. In fact, the diabetic himself is the key player in the fight against the side effects of this unfortunately all too common condition.

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