Blood glucose level is the concentration of glucose or sugar in the blood of mammals. There are certain normal ranges within which the level should be maintained. Depending upon a person’s health status the doctors can provide you acceptable blood glucose level advice. The normal levels do not vary but the acceptable levels may be dependent on whether you are suffering from diabetes or any other ailment.
Normal glucose levels advised
Normally the glucose level stays within narrow limits throughout the day ranging from 4mmol/L to 8mmol/L or 70mg/dL – 140mg/dL. Usually the level is low during the early mornings before you have any meal. They would temporarily go up around the 140 -150mg/dL mark after you have any meals. If you have sugar levels beyond 150mg/dL you could end up with condition called hyperglycemia. On the other hand if the level falls below 70mg/dL then you may be suffering from hypoglycemia. High blood sugar leads to conditions like diabetes, nerve and kidney damage. Low levels can cause fatigue, nausea, personality problems and even coma in severe cases. You may get the glucose level tested and find if sugar levels are within the normal range or not and seek the advice on the safe glucose levels in the blood.
There are several types of test that may be undertaken to find out your blood glucose levels. You can have the fasting glucose level test performed that is done after 8 hours of fasting, with normal levels of 70 – 99mg/dL. Another test is the postprandial blood sugar test that is done 2 hours after eating a meal, the normal range for which should be 70 – 145mg/dL. Another one is the random blood test not done with any fasting or any meal restrictions, normal range of 70-145mg/dL.
What to eat?
To keep diabetes under control is important. It depends on what and how much you eat. A well balanced meal is absolutely necessary. Make a point to eat fewer sweet foods, fats and proteins and include some starchy foods, fruits and vegetables in your diet. This will ensure that your body gets all nourishment required. The doctors would mostly advice you cut down on fats, regular meals based on starchy foods, and using whole grain kinds more often. Oily fish like salmon, mackerel, and trout are especially good. Other foods like meat, eggs, beans, nuts are a good source. Choose lower fat food whenever you can. You can eat fatty foods and sweet food but in lower quantities and not too often. Avoid drinks containing sugar like carbonated colas, squashes, tea, coffee etc.
Exercise is equally important
If you do not exercise regularly now make it a point to exercise more often. Brisk walking, swimming or fitness classes are among the best exercises. Ensure that you seek the guidance from your doctor on exercises. Find a weight loss program if you are overweight. Adopt time management to ensure that you do not feel stressed out doing all different activities. Stress often leads to sugar levels jumping higher.
It is very necessary to seek blood glucose level advice from your doctor so that you can take efforts to keep sugar levels in control. Keeping glucose level within the ranges would ensure better overall health and in case you are suffering from diabetes it would help you to keep sugar levels within acceptable and safe limits and prolong the onset of complications that may arise if sugar levels go too high or low.
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