Knowing the normal blood glucose concentration levels helps work you towards being in the range

The body requires energy for its functioning. Glucose is a major source of energy for functioning of the body cells. Glucose in the human body is regulated by the hormone called insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and released into the bloodstream when glucose level rises. There are certain levels between which it is considered as safe and normal blood glucose concentration. The glucose levels keep on changing depending upon what you eat and the exercises you do. These are major factors that help you in maintaining normal glucose levels necessary for your overall health.

Normal glucose blood concentration

Blood glucose concentration is calculated as millimoles per liter of blood. The glucose levels are lowest in the morning before your first meal. If you are fasting the normal level should be less than 6.1mmol/L. The glucose level only rises when you eat anything. If you eat a carbohydrate rich meal the levels can go as high as 7.8 to 8mmol/L but it is usually temporary. It would usually come back to 6.1 within 3 hours of eating. The levels are high in the two hours immediately after a meal.

The glucose concentration for diabetes may be a little looser than for the non diabetics. For diabetics, fasting glucose should preferably be less than 7mmol/L. The recommend normal levels, 2 hours after meals must be less than 9mmol/L. Inability to maintain it in this range may lead to complications of diabetes like eye and kidney disease. Your aim should to achieve much lower glucose level within safe limits so as to reduce the risk of heart disease. Ideally glucose concentration should be less than 5mmol/L before meals and less than 6mmol/L after meals. However, this is not entirely possible with the present medications due to the risk of hypoglycemia.

Normal glucose blood levels for various tests

The blood glucose concentration can vary depending on diet as well as exercises. With the physical activity that you undertake there is utilization of the stored energy which means that there is requirement for glucose to be absorbed from blood stream. This leads to the concentration of blood level staying within a normal level. To a certain extent if you have eaten some specific foods like carbohydrates they would increase the concentration of glucose in blood while eating fiber rich food like vegetables and fruits can help reduce the glucose in the blood.

The normal range for the different tests may vary a bit. The normal range for fasting blood glucose test must be 3.9mmol/L to 5.6mmol/L. 11.1mmol/L is the normal level for the random blood sugar test that is taken irrespective of meal timings. The normal values for the oral glucose tolerance test that measures response of body to sugar is expected to be less than 11.1mmol/L.

To maintain normal blood glucose concentration you need to seek the advice of the doctor to ascertain the diet, exercises and medication that can be helpful. If you follow a proper exercise schedule and maintain a healthy diet it can help you prolong the ill effects and complication of hyperglycemia and diabetes. Be within the safe range and live a healthier and happier life enjoying every moment of what you do, eat and drink.

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