Even though the recognized and simple tests can reveal a higher than normal blood glucose level, you still need to undergo at least one blood tests done in a laboratory to be completely sure either way: the 2 main tests are the random or fasting blood glucose test together with an oral blood sugar test. Your symptoms are considered in combination with your results. Where you think diabetes is the issue but have no symptoms, you will have to come back again for further tests.
Successful Diagnosis of Diabetes
Diabetes must be diagnosed by a blood test in which a blood sample is analyzed in a laboratory. Under normal circumstances, diagnosing type 1 is quicker than type 2, because type 1 symptoms occur a lot quicker and are more severe. It is generally identified as type 2 when health checks in other areas identify a premature sign of diabetes or similar complications. A visit to the opticians may for example show up problems with your eyes that get detected during an eye test.
Your symptoms of diabetes will be diagnosed by one or more of three diabetes test: a random blood glucose test, a glucose drink tolerance test and a starvation glucose exam. Tests such as fingerprick and urine tests are not accurate enough, in their current structure, to confirm or discount the presence of diabetes.
For a blood glucose result of 6 to 7 millimoles per liter, your blood glucose is not normal, but that in itself does not confirm diabetes. The health care provider will explain what your test results mean and how you need to react to them.
Medical tests after diagnosis
With diabetes, you’ll never be left to fend for yourself, so right after receiving your positive test results, the doctor will encourage you to sit frequent tests and check ups to make sure your health is OK and to make sure your diabetes is under control. Your test results form the starting point for your yearly check-up, which will be referred to as your annual review date. If these tests show up any complications, you’ll get the necessary type 2 diabetes diet meal planner.
Monitoring Your Body Mass Index
As a diabetes sufferer you need to keep control of your BMI or Body Mass Index. This tells you if you’re the correct weight for your height.
Type 2 Diabetes and Blood Pressure
Having high blood pressure is a common symptom of type 2 diabetes. In the event that you suffer prolonged periods of high blood pressure, you will be prescribed medication to lower it.
See a Foot Doctor
Your health care provider checks your foot circulation and nerve supply and will help you take good care of your feet.
The retina at the back of your eye is checked for damaged blood vessels with a ophthalmoscope or a specialized eye camera.
Any More Tests?
More blood samples are tested to verify kidney, liver, and thyroid function, and blood fat levels. They will then do a HbA1c test which measures your glucose level over the last couple of months. You’ll also need to perform a urine test (a possible sign of early kidney damage).