The history of type 1 diabetes treatment is a chequered one. In advanced parts of the world such as Europe and America type 1 diabetes is a serious adolescent disease. Normally type 1 diabetes affects people who are in their early childhood or adolescence. However, it can occur at an older age too. Right from the time it strikes you type 1 diabetes is critical and it gets worse with age. There is no absolute therapy for type 1 diabetes once it sets in. a person has to learn to live with it.
Type 1 diabetes is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, it is also known as IDDM. The characteristics of type 1 diabetes are the absence of insulin or its inefficiency in properly utilizing the glucose in the human bloodstream. This makes the blood sugar level to rise alarmingly. Diabetes type 1 is classified as an autoimmune disorder. A disorder in which the body attacks itself is called as an autoimmune disorder. The cells in the pancreas are attacked by the immune system in case of type1 diabetes. Insulin a hormone which controls the blood sugar level is produced in the pancreas. How type 1 diabetes exactly sets in is still not known to medical science. It has a tendency to strike suddenly and without any apparent exciting factors. It rapidly advances after setting in and causes serious complications extremely fast. Type 1 diabetes is a fatal disease if not treated and managed early.
People who suffer from type 1 diabetes are not necessarily obese and do not have a history of hyperglycemia. It is also not a dietary disease. You cannot control it by following a particular dietary model. The jury is still out on whether type 1 diabetes is a genetic disease. However, in case a family member has type 1 diabetes it does not mean that others will also be affected in the same way. It also does not depend on the lifestyle a person leads. People who lead active as well as inactive lifestyles have equal chances of acquiring the type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes treatment is dependent on the type and severity of the disease and this varies significantly in individuals. Treatment generally includes diet. High glucose level in the blood is checked by a diet which is low in sugar and high in complex carbohydrates such as vegetables, beans and grains. The need for insulin is thus reduced. People with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are required to watch their diet carefully. Type 2 diabetes can be controlled by diet alone. Exercise also helps in both types of diabetes. The body uses glucose more efficiently with the assistance of regular moderate exercises. However, it is recommended that people with diabetes should consult a doctor before undertaking any exercise regimen. Oral medications are also used to treat diabetes. Generally diabetics can use their body’s insulin more efficiently with the aid of many medications that are now available. However, for type 2 diabetics these medications are effective only if they produce some insulin within their body. Insulin injections are required in order to keep the blood glucose level under check.
These are some of the treatment options that are used historically for the last many years. However, cutting edge research is going on at various places to improve drugs and delivery mechanism that will ease some of the trouble faced by diabetics world wide. Some research is going on in developed countries where scientist are trying to grow pancreas from stem cells. If this research is successful type 1 diabetes will be successfully treated once for all.