Dog insulin injections are used in diabetes treatment for dogs. The body of diabetic dog is unable to regulate blood sugar levels. In the case of diabetic dog, the glucose in the blood cannot enter into the body’s cell and cannot produce enough energy. Because of no sugar in the cells it dies in a very short period.
The signs of diabetes in dogs are excess urination, excess water consumption, dehydration and increased appetite but with the weight loss. Even in the presence of increased appetite, weight loss occurs because in a diabetic situation body cannot store consumed carbohydrates as fats or use it for energy. Untreated diabetes increases problems like kidney failure, depression, vomiting, muscle wasting and death.
Insulin injection is an effective treatment for dogs with diabetes. To manage diabetes you have to change dietary habits of your dog and periodically monitor of blood glucose level. Your diabetic dog should receive an insulin injection once or twice a day. Here are some basic techniques which help you give an insulin injection to your dog.
Take the insulin (always keep it in fridge) and mix it properly. Mixing of insulin is necessary because sometimes it settles down while the bottle is sitting in the refrigerator. Remove the needle cap from syringe and fill the appropriate dose of insulin.
While giving an insulin injection you may first divert the dog’s attention with a toy or placing one small piece of chicken in front of him or scratching his head. Pick up fold of skin. Veterinarians recommend the skin sides of the chest and abdomen as the insulin is absorbed better from these sites. Push the needle in the skin at about a 45 angle. Be careful while giving the injection as it may accidentally go into your finger or come out from the other side. Push the syringe plunger and inject the entire dose of insulin. Remove the syringe and needle and place the cap. Do not forget to place the insulin bottle back in the fridge.
While storing the insulin you should take care that it is refrigerated but not frozen. Always keep the insulin away from direct sunlight. If you keep the insulin in direct sunlight for long time it will lose its strength.
Generally there are two types of diabetes in humans, one is insulin dependent and another is insulin independent which can be controlled with an oral medication. But in dogs there is only one type of diabetes that requires daily insulin injections.
While giving insulin treatment to your dog you should periodically monitor the blood glucose level of your dog. It will help you and your veterinarian for assessment of your pet’s condition. Also keep a record of your dog’s body weight. Every day feed the same amount of food and check if its appetite is decreased or increased. Also watch water intake and urine production. Increase in water consumption or frequent urination indicates that your dog’s blood glucose is not in control. You should consider all these things while treating your diabetic dog.
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