diet plan for diabetic patient

Our body converts glucose into energy with the help of insulin, a hormone. But when insulin does not work properly, the glucose level in the blood rises. This is the state of diabetes in which body does not produce sufficient insulin or cannot use insulin.

From our food our body gets glucose, in diabetes if you are able to control food intake it will help you a lot. Diabetes diet plays an important role in diabetes treatment. Diabetes diet means not eating less food but it means eating balanced amount of healthy food. When we take healthy food body does not produce any extra insulin and the blood sugar level remains stable.

In diabetes diet you have to select healthy foods because a diabetic patient has same nutritional needs as that of a normal person. The difference between normal person’s diet and diabetic person’s diet is that, in diabetes diet you have to take care of calorie intake. For diabetes patients, diet is a key to successful management of the condition.

Most people think that diabetes diet consists of only diabetic food, but this is a misunderstanding. In diabetes diet you can include regular food but in limited amounts. The nutritional needs differ from person to person. Generally your nutritional need (that is calorie requirement) is planned by a dietitian for you. This diet is simply a balance of carbohydrates, fats, proteins and calories. Carbohydrates are main source of glucose, so, in diabetes diet you have to take extra care about consumption of carbohydrates. To control all these food contents you have to plan your meal.

While planning diabetes diet you have to remember certain important tips. Instead of large and heavy meals you should take 4-5 small meals. Bakery products and fast foods contain lots of calories and fats so replace these products with simple cooked homemade food. Include lots of green leafy vegetables and fruits in your meal and at least 1.4 oz of fiber per day. All this means that for a diabetic diet you should select foods that are low in calories and high in nutrition.

Fiber rich food is good for a diabetic patient because it prevents peaks in blood sugar levels after a meal. Also it reduces the risk of heart disease as fiber helps to lower cholesterol levels.

For diabetes diet non-starchy vegetables is a good choice. Non-starchy vegetables are broccoli, spinach, peppers, green beans, cabbage, mushrooms, cauliflower, tomatoes etc. Dietitians recommend restrictions on starchy vegetables like potatoes, corn, peas etc. You can also include protein rich food like chicken, eggs, cottage cheese, lamb, etc but in limited amount. Include one serving of sugar free and non-fat yogurt or milk in your daily meal. These are general food items in a diabetes diet. But a perfect and detail diet plan can be made with the help of exchange system or carbohydrate counting diet plan methods. The exchange system consists of list of foods with calorie count. Hence it is an effective way of diet planning. If you know your calorie needs you can easily select the foods from these lists and plan your daily meal to fulfill your calorie requirements.

Plan your meal such that it completes your nutritional needs.

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