When your body produces no or little insulin then this disorder is known as Diabetes mellitus type 1. Pancreas secretes a hormone called insulin. Your digested food is broken down into sugar (glucose). The cells of your body take delivery of sugar carried down by the blood. The cells make use of the sugar for energy. Sugar leaves the blood stream with the help of insulin and then goes into the cells which lower the level of sugar in your blood. Your cells are unable to absorb enough sugar from your blood, when sufficient insulin is not formulated by your body. This results into diabetes and high blood sugar levels. If the high blood sugar is not treated it can cause many other diseases which can be life-threatening. At the same time if you undertake treatment then your blood sugar level can remain at normal range.
Insulin-dependent diabetes is known as diabetes mellitus type 1. In early adulthood or childhood this type of diabetes condition develops. It also occurs when most of the cells in the pancreas which make insulin have been destroyed. More often than not the reasons for this type of diabetes are not known. Sometimes a viral infection or injury of pancreas may result in diabetes.
If you do not treat diabetes mellitus type 1 serious illness of the liver, kidneys, eyes, nerves and other organs can develop. Diabetes can be diagnosed with a blood sugar (glucose) test, a fasting blood sugar of more than 126 mg/cl is classified as diabetes. The primary treatment for diabetes mellitus type 1 is insulin injections. You will have to learn how to balance the insulin dose with your food and activity levels. The causes of high or low blood sugars are due to many factors like change in eating habits or meal times, other medical problems such as infections, an outdated insulin that has become frozen or overheated (above 80 degrees), other medications, a change in your work habits or level of activity and a different injection site or improperly given insulin.
In order to help keep your blood sugar levels near the normal range you can draft an ideal meal plan. You will have to plan your insulin dose and timing to balance with your food. The foods you like and fit your lifestyle and insulin can be included in your plan which a dietician can assist in preparing. Blood sugar can be lowered through exercise. If you desire to keep your blood sugar level near the normal range then regular activity and exercise certainly helps.
Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a life-long condition. You can lower your risk of possible complications from diabetes by taking proper care of yourself. Risk include but not limited to are stroke, blindness, heart disease and kidney failure. You can delay and possibly prevent these complications by keeping your blood sugar as close to normal as is safe for you. This can also greatly lower your risk of other complications.
Diabetes mellitus type 1 cannot be prevented. However, you can reduce your risk for the long-term problems arising from diabetes. This can be done if you: learn how to test your blood sugar, know when and how to adjust your insulin, keep your blood sugar as close to normal as possible. Call your doctor if you have any questions or if there are changes in your blood sugar levels. Seek the help of your doctor to stop smoking and keep your doctor’s appointments and take care of any medical problems, especially high blood pressure.
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