Diabetes affects not only humans, but a considerable population amongst dogs also suffers from it. The disorder arises as the body is unable to regulate blood sugar levels. The symptoms are similar with the ones found in humans. Dogs too are increasingly being affected by diabetes. The largest occurrences are found in dogs between the ages of 5 to 7. The female dogs appear to be more susceptible than male dogs. However, there are some breeds like Poodles, Schnauzers, Keeshonds, Cairn Terriers, Dachshunds, Cocker Spaniels, and Beagles, that seem to be predisposed to diabetes mellitus.
It is the commonest hormonal disorder in dogs. Diabetes in dogs too is a treatable condition. And, as with humans, the primary way of managing diabetes in dogs is through proper diet and eating habits. The diabetes in dogs is only treatable and not curable, as in humans, by treatment which includes daily injections of insulin and a careful change in diet. Diet is extremely important for successful management of diabetes in dogs and thus essential. Smaller portions of meals help control blood sugar levels. Insulin levels could peak then fall later in the day as a result of one large meal. The best foods for treating diabetes in dogs are those which are high in fiber and protein, with restricted fats and carbohydrates. The content and timing of the intake will affect the dog’s sugar/insulin levels. Dietary fiber helps in slowing the rate of digestion resulting in a slower release of nutrients into the dog’s circulation thereby helping moderate the increase in blood glucose after meals. An ideal diabetes diet should be low or restricted in fat content, should have high complex carbohydrate content, and be high in fiber. The quantity of proteins in the diet must be moderate and must not include glucose or artificial sweeteners. It is important for dogs diet to be consistent and that its content & quality doesn’t vary from one day to another.
Managing a dog’s diabetes also means managing its activity level. Exercise uses blood glucose the same way that insulin does. The usual insulin regimen will take that amount of exercise into account. The ideal way is to feed the dog twice a day, at the same general time every day, just before giving the insulin
Some dogs could require a specially formulated diabetes diet. To help regulate blood sugar supplements in a diabetic dog, diet must be a combination of the right herbs and other natural ingredients. This will help manage the dog’s insulin requirements and slow their metabolic rate. A good diabetic dog supplement should contain items that help the dog to use blood glucose more effectively, and stimulates digestive functions. As in humans, diabetes in dogs too is known to be passed down through generations. But Diabetic Dog Symptoms occurs most often in obese dogs leading a sedentary life and are never exercised either due to their bloated size, old age or other illnesses.
The diabetic dog can regain its quality of life with quality treatment and diet. Once a dog with diabetes has been stabilized on insulin treatment, it is usually able to lead a happy, healthy life. The life expectancy of a diabetic dog when stabilized on insulin would be similar to that of other healthy pets of the same breed. Good communication with the veterinary surgeon, and adherence to the treatment regimen, will help keep the dog healthy. Both of you can continue to enjoy each others company for many years.
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