A reasonable and proper diet works when fighting with diabetes. In diabetes blood glucose is affected by your eating pattern. By regulating our eating pattern we can control glucose in the blood. A diabetic diet stands for controlling eating pattern. But lot of people consider diabetic diet as staying away from lots of food, however this is not right, the main objective of diabetic diet is to regulate carbohydrate, protein and fat eating. Regular food can be included in diabetic diets, however, you have to take precaution regarding the amount of food and the timing of food. Planning is the key In diabetic diets. So, how does one plan a diabetic diet? Well, there are number of ways of diet planning. Exchange system is one of them; with the help of this system you can plan daily meals with controlled amounts of foods throughout the day. This system let you to include many types of foods and have an adaptable meal plan.
The exchange system divides all foods into six groups which is based on the fact that how many percentage of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and calories are present in various kinds foods. Each group comprises list of foods as well as amount of food that constitute one exchange (serving).
Let us see, how one can go for a daily meal with this information. While planning a diet you have to consider what your daily calorific requirement is. Dietitian can help in fixing up the calorific requisite. Dietitians first study your physical status, your body weight, age, type of diabetes and exercise capacity. These are the factors on which he/she fixes your daily calorie requirements. It is the individual calorie requisite that decide how many exchange you can add in your meal from each group. Exchange system has namely six food groups such as bread/starch group, milk group, fruit group, vegetable group, meat group and fat group. The bread/starch group comprises of bread, cereals, starchy vegetables (like potatoes), muffins etc. The milk group contains milk and milk products like yogurt, buttermilk etc. The fruit group contains fruits and fruit juice. all non-starchy vegetables like cabbage, spinach etc constitute the vegetable group. The meat group is comprised of meats and meat substitutes like fish, cheese etc. The fat group comprises of foods like mayonnaise, margarine etc. All these groups show you how much percentage of calories does a food of certain amount comprise. This is very helpful in planning calorie diabetic diet. free foods, combination foods and Fast foods or foods for rare use are considered as three other categories of foods.
foods that have less amount of calories per serving are known as free foods. Examples are cocoa powder, coffee, tea, club soda, sugar-free drinks, carbonated water etc. Combination foods are those foods which do not fit into any one exchange list. Examples are soup which have two starches, one lean meat and one vegetable exchange or chow mien without rice include one starch, two vegetables and two lean meat exchanges. The occasional use foods mean those foods which we don’t eat regularly like cakes, cookies, ice cream etc.
You get thorough information about food content through exchange system, it becomes very easy to plan a diabetic diet.
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